רוני רשף פרויקט מסכם אוסף מקורות עתיקים ביותר עד 400 BC
|הדף נמצא כרגע בעבודה, נא אל תערכו אותו ואל תעשו בו שינויים אחרים. |
ניתן כמובן לקרוא את הכתוב
Amphora for wine: odyssey 2.290
The Homeric hymn to Dionysus (c.7th-5th century BC? check again Ronny) 1017-9
Archilochus (c. 680 BC – c. 645 BC) (poet, 7th century bc) fragment 120
Solon's poetry (c. 638 BC – 558 BC)
Freeman, Kathleen. The work and life of Solon. New York: Arno Press, 1976, p.213:
24 The works of the Cyprus-born now are dear to me, and of Dionysus and the Muses, who give gladness to men.
Stesichorus (circa 640 - 555 BC) 234 PMG
Herakleitos of Ephesus
Herakleitos of Ephesus (c. 535 – c. 475 BCE) B14 D-K,
Pratinas(c. 500 BC) 708 PMG
Bacchylides (5th century BC)
Pindar (ca. 522–443 BC) fragment 131
Aeschylus (c. 525/524 BC – c. 455/456 BC) fragment 61, B15 D-K
all from loeb Aeschylus Agamemnon (..) Fragments, vol.2:
Apollodorus (Library 3.4.3) narrates that Zeus entrusted the newly born Dionysus to Hermes, who conveyed him to Ino and Athamas, and persuaded them to rear the babe as a girl. In consequence of madness brought upon them by Hera in her indignation, Athamas (a hero localised in Boetia and Thessaly) hunted his elder son as a deer and killed him. ...
Bassarai - Erastothenes, legends of the constellations 24 (p.140 - Robert) says of Orpheus that he paid no honor to Dionysus, but considered Helios to be the greatest of the gods and addressed him as Apollo. that, by making haste during the night, he reached at dawn the summit of mount Pangaeus, and waited there that he might see the rising of the sun. and that Dionysus, in his wrath, sent against him the Bassarides (according to Aeschylus), who tore him to pieces and scattered his members, which were collected and buried by the Muses in Leibethra.
Bassarai = Thracian, Phrygian and Lydian Bacchanaks who wore fox skin caps and long embroidered cloaks.
fragment 193 (loeb): Tis meet that the dithyramb, his fellow reveller, half song, half shout, attended on Dionysus.
fragment 10: the bull (=Dionysus) was like to butt the goat (=Lycurgus king of Edonians) with his horns.
and afterwards he (Dionysus) arrived at Cybela in Phrygia, and there, having been purified by Rhea, and learning the rites of initiation, he received from her the costume and hastened through Thrace [against the indians]. But Lycurgus, king of the Edonians, who dwell besides the river Strymon, was the first to insult and expel him. And Dionysus took refuge in the sea with Thetis, the daughter of Nereus, and the Bacchanals were taken captive and the multitude of the satyrs that followed him. But afterwards the Bacchanals were suddenly released, and Dionysus brought madness upon Lycurgus. And he, in his frenzy, struck with an axe and killed his son Dryas, imagining that he was lopping of the branch of a vine. And when he had cut off his son's extremities, he came to his senses. But since the land remained barren, the god made known by the oracle that it would bear fruit if Lycurgus was put to death. On hearing this, the Edonians took him to mount Pangaeus, and bound him. And there, by the fill of Dionysus, he died, destroyed by horses.
Fragment 28: Lo, the house is frenzied with the god, the roof revels, Bacchant-like.
fragment 29: One who wears Lydian tunics and fox skin cloaks reaching to the feet (Dionysus - Lydian garments were famous for their luxuriousness)