Appian, Mithridatic Wars 17.114

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מקורות ראשוניים ועתיקים א \ קורות ראשוניים ועתיקים A

טקסט


Pompey, having cleaned out the robber dens, and prostrated the greatest king then living, in one and the same war, and having fought successful battles, besides those of the Pontic war, with Colchians, Albanians, Iberians, Armenians, Medes, Arabs, Jews, and other Eastern nations, extended the Roman sway as far as Egypt. But he did not advance into Egypt, although the king of that country invited him there to suppress a sedition, and sent gifts to himself and money and clothing for his whole army. He either feared the greatness of this still prosperous kingdom, or wished to guard against the envy of his enemies, or the warning voice of oracles, or for other reasons which I will publish in my Egyptian history.

He let some of the subjugated nations go free and made them allies. Others he placed at once under Roman rule, and others he distributed to kings -- to Tigranes, Armenia; to Pharnaces, Bosporus; to Ariobarzanes, Cappadocia and the other provinces before mentioned.

To Antiochus of Commagene he turned over Seleucia and the parts of Mesopotamia that he conquered. He made Deïotarus and others tetrarchs of the Gallogræcians, who are now the Galatians bordering on Cappadocia. He made Attalus prince of Paphlagonia and Aristarchus prince of Colchis. He also appointed Archelaus to the priesthood of the goddess worshipped at Comana, which is a royal prerogative. Castor of Phanagoria was inscribed as a friend of the Roman people. Much territory and money were bestowed upon others. 

הערות

  • פומפיוס מוסיף לממלכתו של אנטיוכוס מקומגנה שטחים כבושים מהאימפריה הסלאוקית וממסופוטמיה.
  • העיר וסביבתה אשר ניתנה לאנטיוכוס I היא כנראה Zeugma על גדות נהר הפרת = Seleucia at the Zeugma.

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