Augustinus, De Civitate Dei 6.11

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טקסט

English

Along with other superstitions of the civil theology Seneca also censures the sacred institutions of the Jews, especially the Sabbath. He declares that their practice is inexpedient, because by introducing one day of rest in every seven they lose in idleness almost a seventh of their life, and by failing to act in times of urgency they often suffer loss… but when speaking of the Jews he says: "Meanwhile the customs of this accursed race have gained such influence that they are now received throughout all the world. The vanquished have given laws to their victors.[1]" He shows his surprise as he says this, not knowing what was being wrought by the providence of god. But he adds a statement that shows what he thought of their system of sacred institutions: "the Jews, however, are aware of the origin and meaning of their rites. The greater part of the people go through a ritual not knowing why they do so.

Latin

Hic inter alias ciuilis theologiae superstitiones reprehendit etiam sacramenta Iudaeorum et maxime sabbata, inutiliter eos facere adfirmans, quod per illos singulos septenis interpositos dies septimam fere partem aetatis suae perdant uacando et multa in tempore urgentia non agendo laedantur. Christianos tamen iam tunc ludaeis inimicissimos in neutram partem commemorare ausus est, ne uel laudaret contra suae patriae ueterem consuetudinem, uel reprehenderet contra propriam forsitan Uoluntatem. De illis sane Iudaeis cum loqueretur, ait: "Cum interim usque eo sceleratissimae gentis consuetudo conualuit, ut per omnes iam terras recepta sit; uicti uictoribus leges dederunt." Mirabatur haec dicens et quid diuinitus ageretur ignorans subiecit plane sententiam, qua significaret quid de illorum sacramentorum ratione sentiret. Ait enim: "Illi tamen causas ritus sui nouerunt; maior pars populi facit, quod cur faciat ignorat."

הערות

  1. הציטוט של סנקה מלמד לכל הפחות על התפשטותה של הדת היהודית.

לקוח מתוך:

Stern, Menahem. 1974. Greek and Latin Authoes on Jews and Judaism. Vol. 1. Jerusalem: Keterpress Enteprises. p. 431.

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