Burton 1972

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Burton, Anne. 1972. Diodorus Siculus: Book I ; a commentary. Leiden: Brill.


p. 77 on 1.15.6

While it is commonly agreed in the Classical authors that the birth-place of Dionysus was Nysa, there is some dispute about its exact locality: according to Herodotus II 146, III 97 it was in Ethiopia; Diodorus III 66 places it in Libya; while Pliny NH V 74 refers to Nysa in Scythia. The Arabian Nysa of the present chapter may well be south of Damascus (Stern RE XVII 2 1640) somewhere; and to add to the problem, in ch. 19.7 Diodorus refers to Nysa as a city in Egypt.

p. 87 on 1.20.1

…the African elephant … is missing from the royal symbolism of the early dynastic period. It is absent from Egyptian mythology …

King Thutmose III (18th dynasty) hunted (probably Indian) elephants in Asia.

p. 88: Strabo 16.4.5 records that Ptolemy II sent Satyrus to investigate the sport. If Hecataeus is the source for this section, it may be that it was as a compliment to Ptolemy II that he credited Osiris with enjoyment of this sport. Certainly Ptolemy II made it his business to organize the capture of African elephants in the South. These were for use in the elephant corps, first know to the Greeks after Alexander the Great invaded India.

p. 115 on 1.27.4

In fact Diodorus gives the origin of his text as a grave-stele at Nysa in Arabia, where Isis and Osiris are said to be buried. …

116: on 1.27.5: there is no immediate parallel for the stele of Osiris, unlike that of Isis, and thus there is no proof that this was not an isolated invention on the part of Diodorus’ source. As for its date, all that can be said si that the reference to India makes it certain that it post-dates Alexander the Great.



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