Diodorus Siculus 4.2.3-3.1

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מקורות ראשוניים ועתיקים ד / מקורות ראשוניים ועתיקים D

טקסט

[2.3] Accordingly, Zeus visited her in a way befitting a god, accompanied by thundering and lightning, revealing himself to her as he embraced her; but Semelê, who was pregnant and unable to endure the majesty of the divine presence, brought forth the babe untimely and was herself slain by the fire. Thereupon Zeus, taking up the child, handed it over to the care of Hermes, and ordered him to take it to the cave in Nysa, which lay between Phoenicia and the Nile, where he should deliver it to the nymphs that they should rear it and with great solicitude bestoe upon it the best of care.

[2.4] consequently, since Dionysos was reared in Nysa, he received the name he bears from Zeus and Nysa. And Homer bears witness to this in his Hymns, when he says: There is a certain Nysa, mountain high / With forests thick, in Phoinike afar / Close to Aigyptos’ streams'.

[2.5] After he had received his rearing by the nymphs in Nysa, they say, he made the discover of wine and taught mankind how to cultivate the vine. And as he visited the inhabited world almost in its entirety, he brought much land under cultivation and in return for this received most high honors at the hands of all men. He also discovered the drink made out of barley and called by some zythos, the bouquet of which is not much inferior to that of wine. The preparation of this drink he taught to those people whose country was unsuited to the cultivation of the vine.

[2.6] He also led about with himself an army composed not only of men but of women as well, and punished such men as were unjust and impious. In Boiotia, out of gratitude to the land of his birth, he freed all the cities and founded a city whose name signified independence, which he called Eleutherai.

[3.1] Then he made a campaign into India, whence he returned to Boiotia in the third year, bringing with him a notable quantity of booty, and he was the first man ever to celebrate a triumph seated on an Indian elephant.

הערות

Loeb; trans. Oldfather

כאן מוצג המסע להודו כחלק נפרד משאר המסעות בעולם (ד' חוזר לבויוטיא בין לבין). חוסר ההגיון הגיאוגרפי מזכיר במשהו את מסעות אלכסנדר ברומאנס.

הרכיבה על פיל במסע הנצחון - לראשונה בהיסטוריא! - מזכיר מאד את התאור של אתנאיוס את התהלוכה של תלמי השני.

לפי דיודורוס 3.68.4-5 שכנה ניסה אי-שם באפריקא, על אי המוקף על-ידי נהר טריטון. דיוניסוס בסיפור זה הוא בנם של אמון ואמלתיאה, והאשה הקנאית היא ריאה-Rhea.

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