Isocrates, To Philip 111-112

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מקורות ראשוניים ועתיקים א / מקורות ראשוניים ועתיקים I

טקסט

111 When Heracles saw that Hellas was rife with wars and factions and many other afflictions, he first brought these troubles to an end and reconciled the cities with each other, and then showed by his example to coming generations with whom and against whom it was their duty to go to war. For he made an expedition against Troy, which was in those days the strongest power in Asia, and so far did he excel in generalship those who at a later time waged war against this same city, that, 112 while they with the combined strength of Hellas found it difficult to take Troy after a siege which lasted ten years, he, on the other hand, in less than as many days, and with a small expedition, easily took the city by storm. After this, he put to death to a man all the princes of the tribes who dwelt along the shores of both continents; and these he could never have destroyed had he not first conquered their armies. When he had done these things, he set up the Pillars of Heracles, as they are called, to be a trophy of victory over the barbarians, a monument to his own valor and the perils he had surmounted, and to mark the bounds of the territory of the Hellenes.

הערות

  • הרקלס, כזכור, אבי בית-המלוכה המקדוני (ועוד בתי-מלוכה ואצולה רבים בכל רחבי יוון)
  • גיבור המלחמה נגד המזרח כסמל לבאות: לא מצור מדשדש של עשׂר שנים, אלא כפי שלמדנו מכורש - מכה מהירה וניצחת

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