שיחה:בין אלים ובני-אדם (תשפב)
לוקיאנוס על הפאיסטיון האל
Lucian of Samosata, Slander (on not being quick to put faith in it), 17-18:
(17) In the court of Alexander it was once the greatest of all slanderous charges to say that am man did not worship Hephaistion or even make obeisance to him — for after the death of Hephaistion, Alexander, for the love he bore him, determined to add to his other great feats that of appointing the dead man a god.
So the cities at once erected temples; plots of ground were consecrated; altars, sacrifices and feasts were established in honor of this new god, and everybody’s strongest oath was “by Hephaistion”. If anyone failed at what went on, or failed to seem quite reverent, the penalty prescribed was death.
The Flatterers, taking hold of this childish passion of Alexander’s, at once began to feed it and fan it into flame, by telling about dreams of Hephaistion, in that way ascribing to him visitations and cures and accrediting him with prophecies. And at last they began to sacrifice to his as coadjutor (πάρεδρος) and warder of evil (ἀλεξίκακος). Alexander liked to hear all this, and at length believed it, and was very proud of himself for being, as he thought, not only the son of a god, but also able to make gods.
Well, how many of Alexander’s friends, do you suppose, reaped the results of Hephaistion’s divinity during that period, through being accused of not honoring the universal god (τὸν κοινὸν ἁπάντων θεόν), and consequently being banished and deprived of the king’s favor?
(18) It was then that Agathokles of Samos, one of Alexander’s captains whom he esteemed highly, came near being shut up in a lion’s den because he was charged with having wept as he went by the tomb of Hephaistion. But Perdikkas is said to have come to his rescue, swearing by all the gods and by Hphaeistion to boot that while he was hunting the god had appeared to him in the flesh and had bidden him tell Alexander to spare Agathokles, saying that he ha not wept from want of faith or because he thought Hephaistion dead, but only because he had been put in mind o their old-time friendship.