Arrian, Anabasis 7.25-27

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1 I am aware, of course, that there are many other versions recorded of Alexander's death; for instance, that Anipater send him a drug, of which he died, and that it was made up for Antipater by Aristotle, as he had already come to fear Alexander on account of Callisthenes' death, and brought by Cassander, Antipater's son. Others have even said that it was conveyed in a mule's hoof, 2 and given to Alexander by Iollas, Cassander's younger brother, as he was the royal cup-bearer and had been aggrieved by Alexander no long before his death. Others again hold that Medius had some hand in the business, as he was Iollas' lover, on the grounds that it was Medius who suggested to Alexander the drinking-bout, and that Alexander had a sharp feeling of pain after quaffing the cup, and on feeling this he retired from the carouse. 3 One writer has had the impudence to record that Alexander, feeling that he would not survive, went to throw himself into the Euphrates, so that he might disappear for the world and make more credible to posterity the belief that his birth was by a god and that it was the gods that he had departed, but that Roxane, his wife, noticed that he was going out and stopped him, when he groaned and said that she was really grudging him the everlasting fame accorded to one who had been born a god. So much for the stories which I have set down to show that I know they are told rather than because they are credible enough to recount.


  • הגרסאות השונות לנסיבות מותו של אלכסנדר בבבל.
  • לקוח מתוך:

Loeb, trans. P. A. Brunt. Vol. 2. pp. 295-297.

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