אייל מאיר - Alexander's Tomb and Alexandria

מתוך Amitay.haifa.ac.il
קפיצה אל:ניווט, חיפוש

Notes and thoughts

  • the whole district in Alexandria is called "sema" or "soma" - the body.

who mentioned by that name: Achilles Tatius (3rd century A.D.); Zenobius (2nd century A.D.) who places the district and the tomb in the middle of the city of Alexandria; Strabo (1st century B.C./1st century A.D.); Lucian (2nd century A.D.); Suetonius (2nd century A.D.); and Pseudo-Kallisthenes (3.34)

  • who visited the tomb?

Pompey,

Julius Caesar: Suetonius (Caesar, VII) and Lucian (X.19)

Augustus: Dio Cassius, Roman History, 51 - Dio includes an apocryphal anecdote in his report of Augustus's visit to Alexander: As he bent over to kiss the great conqueror, Augustus accidentally broke Alexander's nose

Caligula - took Alexande cuirass (breastplate) - Xiphilinus, Epitome of Dio's Roman History

Septimus Severus (early third century A.D.) eventually closed the tomb to the public because he was nervous about its safety under the hoards of tourists who rushed to visit

Caracalla (3rd century A.D.), who believed that he was Alexander's reincarnation. This emperor reportedly dedicated a treasure of offerings to the body of Alexander, among which was a mantle, rings, and other jewelry. This last visit was reported by the historians Herodian (Tes Meta Markou Basileias Historion Biblia 4, 8 and Ioannes Antiocheus

  • The ptolemeis and Alexander

Already in the early third century B.C. Ptolemy I Soter spread rumours, according to which he himself was not the son of agos, but the illegitimate son of Philip II and therefore Alexander's half-brother and legal successor

See: Fraser, vol 1, 215

the figures of Alexander and Ptolemy I side by side in the pompe of the Ptolemaia

See: MA


Alexander-Ktistes (founder of the city) κτίσις = foundation, a founding κτίστης = founder

The founder was buried whithin in the city limit, in contrast to the habit of burying the dead outside the city's area/districts.

Bibliography

Alexander's Tomb (Google Books)

On Order

Alaxander the Great: Myth, the Polis and afterwards (Article)

Links

The Aftermath: the burial of Alexander the Great

A list of Alexander's Cities