Cicero, de Republica 2.63

קפיצה אל:ניווט, חיפוש

מקורות ראשוניים ועתיקים ק / מקורות ראשוניים ועתיקים C



ergo horum ex iniustitia subito exorta est maxima perturbatio et totius commutatio rei publicae; qui duabus tabulis iniquarum legum additis, quibus etiam quae diiunctis populis tribui solent conubia, haec illi ut ne plebei cum patribus essent, inhumanissima lege sanxerunt, quae postea plebiscito Canuleio abrogata est, libidinose[que] omni imperio et acerbe et avare populo praefuerunt. nota scilicet illa res et celebrata monumentis plurimis litterarum, cum Decimus quidam Verginius virginem filiam propter unius ex illis X viris intemperiem in foro sua manu interemisset, ac maerens ad exercitum qui tum erat in Algido confugisset, milites bellum illud quod erat in manibus reliquisse, et primum montem sacrum, sicut erat in simili causa antea factum, deinde Aventinum ar*** (text breaks off).


Thus, out of the injustice of these men, there was suddenly produced a great revolution, which changed the entire condition of the government, or they added two tables of very tyrannical laws, and though matrimonial alliances had always been permitted, even with foreigners, they forbade, by the most abominable and inhuman edict, that any marriages should take place between the nobles and the commons—an order which was afterward abrogated by the decree of Canuleius. Besides, they introduced into all their political measures corruption, cruelty, and avarice. And indeed the story is well known, and celebrated in many literary compositions, that a certain Decimus Virginius was obliged, on account of the libidinous violence of one of these decemvirs, to stab his virgin daughter in the midst of the forum. Then, when he in his desperation had fled to the Roman army which was encamped on Mount Algidum, the soldiers abandoned the war in which they were engaged, and took possession of the Sacred Mount, as they had done before on a similar occasion, and next invested Mount Aventine in their arms...


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