Curtius Rufus 9.7.16-26

קפיצה אל:ניווט, חיפוש
מקורות ראשוניים ועתיקים ק מקורות ראשוניים ועתיקים C חזרה למפתח ראשי


[16] There was present at the feast Dioxippus, an Athenian, c celebrated boxer, and because of the extraordinary greatness of his strength already both well known to the king and a favorite of his. Some through jealousy and malice carped at him with mingled seriousness and jest, saying that they fad as a companion a useless brute with an over-fed body; that while they entered battle, he, dripping with oil, was preparing his belly for feasts. [17] Thus it was that at the banquet Corratas, a Macedonian, already overcome by wine, began to upbraid Dioxippus, and to demand that , if he were a man, he should fight with him on the following day with swords; that the king at last would have an opportunity to judge of Corratas' rashness or the other's cowardice. [18] And the challenge was accepted by Dioxippus, who contemptuously made sport if the soldier's bravado. And on the next day the king, since they even more earnestly demanded the contest, and he was unable to dissuade them, allowed what they desired to be carried out. [19] A great number of soldiers, including the Greeks favored Dioxippus. The Macedonian had assumed his usual arms, holding in his left hand a bronze shield and a spear – they call it sarisa – in his right a lance, and girt with a sword, as if he were going to fight with several man at once; [20] Dioxippus, gleaming with oil and wearing a garland, displayed a purple cloth in his left hand, and in his right a stout knotted club. This very thins had filled the minds of all with eager anticipation; since for a naked man to fight with one in full armor seemed not only rashness, nut madness.

[21] Then the Macedonian, not doubting that his foe could be killed at long range, hurled his lance. Dioxippus avoided it by a slight movement of his body, and before the other could transfer his spear to his right hand, leaped upon him and broke his spear in two with his club. [22] Having lost both his missiles, the Macedonian had begun to draw his sword, when Dioxippus seized him in his arms, suddenly knocked his feet from under him, and butted him into ground; then snatching his sword from him, he set his food upon the Macedonian neck as he lay prostrate, and poising his club to strike him, would have crushed his defeated adversary with it, had he not been prevented by the king.

[23] The result of the spectacle was displeasing, not only to the Macedonians, but to the king, especially because the barbarians had witnessed it; for he regretted that the famous valor of the Macedonians was exposed to ridicule. [24] For this reason the ears of the king were opened to the calumnies of jealous rivals. And a few days later at a feast a golden cup was purposely abstracted and the attendants went to the king, pretending to have lost what they had actually hidden. [25] Often there is less firmness in innocent embarrassment than in genuine guilt. Dioxippus could not endure the gaze of all eyes by which he was marked as a thief, and leaving the banquet, he wrote a letter to be delivered to the king, and killed himself with his sword. [26] The king was greatly grieved by his death, believing it to be a sign of indignation rather than of repentance, especially after the excessive joy of his rivals showed that he had been falsely accused.


  • אלכסנדר כעס על המבוכה שניצחונו שדיוקסיפוס גרם לדמותו של הלוחם המקדוני, אך הוא לא לקח חלק בדחיפתו של דיוקסיפוס להתאבדות והפגין צער לאחר מותו; היו אלה המשרתים היוונים בחצרו שהפלילו את דיוקסיפוס; כאשר אלכסנדר הבין שמותו היה תוצאה של התמרמרות על חוסר הצדק יותר מאשר חרטה.

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