Pausanias 5.7.6-10

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טקסט

"As for the Olympic Games, the most learned antiquarians of Elis say that Kronos was the first king of heaven, and that in his honor a temple was built in Olympia by the man of that age, who were named the Golden Race. When Zeus was born, Rhea entrusted the guardianship of her son to the Daktyloi of Ida, who are the same as those called Kouretes. They came from Kretan Ida--Herakles, Paionaios, Epimedes, Iasios and Idas. Herakles being the eldest, matched his brothers, as a game, in a running-race, and crowned the winner with a branch of wild olive, of which they had such a copious supply that they slept on heaps of its leaves while still green. It is said to have been introduced into Greece by Herakles from the land of the Hyperboreans, men living beyond the home of Boreas . . . Herakles of Ida, therefore, has the reputation of being the first to have held, on the occasion I mentioned, the games, and to have called them Oympiakos. So he established the custom of holding them every fifth year, because he and his brothers were five in number.

Now some say that Zeus wrestled here with Kronos himself for the throne, while others say that he held the games in honour of his victory over Kronos. The record of victors include Apollon, who outran Hermes and beat Ares at boxing . . .

Later on there came from Krete Klymenos, the son of Kardys, about fifty years after the flood came upon the Greeks in the time of Deukalion. He was descended from Herakles of Ida; he held the games at Olympia and set up an later in honour of Herakles, his ancestor, and the other Kouretes, giving to Herakles the surname of Parastates (Assistant)."

הערות

הגרסה הטוענת שהיה זה צאצא של הרקלס מאידה (Ida) שייסד את המשחקים האולימפיים.

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