Athenaios 5.200b-d

קפיצה אל:ניווט, חיפוש

מקורות ראשוניים ועתיקים א / מקורות ראשוניים ועתיקים A


Immediately after these items he lists tables four cubits long, on top of which numerous expensively prepared spectacles well worth seeing were carried around. Among these was Semele’s bedroom, in which some of the female figures wore gilded tunics set with precious stones. It would not be right to pass over this four-wheeled cart, which was 22 cubits long and 14 cubits wide and was hauled by 500 men. On top of it was a cave very deeply covered by ivy and smilax. Pigeons, ringdoves and turtledoves flew out of this along the whole course of the procession, and wool ribbons were tied to their feet to make them easy for the spectators to catch. Two springs, one of milk and the other of wine, gushed forth from it; all the nymphs around it wore gold garlands, and Hermes carried a gold messenger’s staff and wore expensive clothing.

On another four-wheeled cart, which contained the scene of Dionysos’ return from India, was a 12-cubit-tall Dionysos lying on an elephant and wearing a purple robe and a gold garland made to resemble ivy and grapevines. He held a gold thyrsos-lance in his hands and wore shoes with gold stitching on his feet. […]


אולסון (המתרגם: Loeb; trans. Olson) מעיר (כרך ב, עמ' 467, הערה 96): The scene depicted must have been the presentation of the baby Dionysus to the nymphs on Mt. Nysa by Hermes; e.g. hHom.26.3-5; cf. 2.38d.

היין והחלב מסמלים אולי את הנקתו של מי שיהיה אל היין

יתכן שהסמיכות כאן בין תיאור הולדתו של דיוניסוס לבין חזרתו מהודו מהוים חוליה חשובה בתהליך שבסופו התקבלה הדעה שמקור סיפור הלידה אף הוא בהודו.

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